Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was started on 25 December 2020 for developing good all-weather road connectivity to the unconnected roads of various remote and rural areas which included 1.7 Lakh habitations.
Plain areas inhabiting 500 villagers or hilly areas inhabiting 250 villagers were included in the PMGSY 2020. By December 2017 82% of the work was completed and the remaining work-in-progress was completed by March 2019.
|Launched on||25 December 2000|
|Launched by||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana was made public on 25 December 2000 by Atal Bihari Vajpayee under the authority of Ministry of Rural Development. It was financed by the Union Government.
Also Read: Pradhan Mantri Mandhan Yojana
In November 2015, after agreeing to the suggestions of the 14th Finance Commission, the Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, it was proclaimed that the project will be funded by both the central government (60%) and the state government (40%).
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY: Objective
The aim Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY was to provide connectivity through roads to all villages. The following villages were selected under PMGSY 2020
- Villages with residents of 1000 villagers and above by 2003.
- Villages with residents of 500 villagers and above by 2007.
- In hilly, tribal and desert area villages with residents of 500 villagers and above by 2003.
- In hilly, tribal and desert area villages with residents of 250 villagers and above by 2007.
OMMAS (Online Management, Monitoring and Accounting System) for Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY
Online Management, Monitoring and Accounting System (OMMAS) was developed for effective identification of targets and monitor the progress of the programme. It was developed by C-Governance Department of e-DAC, Pune. It is the biggest database in India.
- It monitors the construction of roads from the proposal of the plan to the completion.
- It provides a separate module for tracking the expenditure made by the government on the roads.
- It publishes the reports at www.omms.nic.in
- It has features like E-Payment, Interactive Reports, Secured PDF Files etc.
Progress of Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY
178,000 (1.7 lakh) habitations with the no. of residents above 500 in the plains and above 250 in the hilly areas were planned to be bridged by all-weather roads. 55% (97,838) of the roads were bridged by March 2014 while 82% (80% or 131,000 or 1.3 lakh under the PMGSY and 2% or 14,620 under state govt schemes) were bridged by December 2017.
Of the enduring 47,000, all were in progress except for 1700 which were approved by the end of December 2017 and 100% connectivity will be achieved by the end of March 2019.
Some of the pending work included the extreme terrains of Assam, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand as well Naxalite–Maoist infested state of Chhattisgarh, a few districts of Jharkhand and Malkangiri region of Odisha.
The average pace of road construction under the PMGSY was 98.5 km/day from 2004 to 2014, but it rose to 130 km/day in FY 2016-17.
Impact of Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY changed the lives of villagers and uplifted their conditions in terms of living. It also made a difference in their economic lifestyle.
Provision of Green Cover under Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY
Under Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana PMGSY saplings of fruit-bearing trees were planted to increase the green cover on the sides of the road so as to save the environment.